The International Day to End Violence is held on the day that the Green River Killer was caught and confessed to killing dozens of sex workers. He said he thought he could kill as many of us as he wanted to, because nobody cares about sex workers. December 17th is our day to come together as a community and say that we DO care about sex workers and people shouldn’t kill us.
This year’s candlelight vigil will memorialize Jackie Goodwin, who was murdered here in Anchorage this year, and the 10 missing and murdered Anchorage sex workers who’s cases still remain unsolved.
Today, the Community United For Safety and Protection (CUSP) would like to commend Chris Sowa, podcaster of Sex With Strangers, for his time and attention in addressing the false and misleading narrative of sex trafficking that leads to incalculable harm to sex trafficking victims in Episode 26: Fighting the Trafficking Narrative from Alaska to Rhode Island.
Sowa’s top to bottom review of the sex trafficking narrative as it’s been sold to the American public as well as across the globe dispels false and misleading information. The two hour epically reported in depth show features interviews with researchers and current and former sex workers and sex trafficking victims across the nation, including following Maxine Doogan and Terra Burns lobbying for anti-violence legislation in Juneau. A year in the making, the podcast features interviews of researchers shows how those in their profession routinely use outrageous research methodology and pre-disposed agendas to fabricate untruths used by religious and “radical feminist” lobbies to pass overbroad, poorly worded legislation like Alaska’s 2012 sex trafficking law. The show follows sex workers fighting against bad legislation which harm them even though it is typically crafted in their name. Alaskan activists and the recently enacted Senate Bill 91 are featured prominantly in this internationally distributed show. Sex With Strangers can be found on most podcast platforms and at http://sexwithstrangersshow.com
The passage of Senate Bill 91 was a step towards enfranchising people in the sex trade into Alaska’s promise of equal protection under the law for all.
The omnibus crime bill contained language that allows a victim or witness to report some violent felonies to the police without being charged with prostitution under Alaska state law. This much needed fix will incentivize reporting and investigation of serious crimes and help police get dangerous predators off the streets instead of arresting us for trying to report.
“Senate Bill 91 took an important step towards clarifying the difference between prostitution and sex trafficking, closing loopholes that allowed law enforcement to spend Alaska’s finite resources arresting and charging folks for sex trafficking themselves”, said Maxine Doogan. “The threat of being convicted of felony charges had become a barrier preventing witnesses and victims from reporting serious crimes for fear of being charged with trafficking ourselves”.
It’s historic that Alaska lawmakers recognized the overbroad nature of the 2012 law and when presented with evidence of the unintended consequences moved quickly to correct it.
“While Senate Bill 91 altered the state’s prostitution statute to offer situational immunity for victims or witnesses reporting some violent felonies, the Municipality of Anchorage’s prostitution code can still be used against victims who are reporting serious crimes like sex trafficking,” said Terra Burns. Sex workers, sex trafficking victims, and advocates are calling on the Municipality to join the state in allowing victims and witnesses to report without being charged with practicing prostitution under Anchorage’s Municipal code.
In 2012 Alaska passed a new sex trafficking law that redefined most things prostitutes do as sex trafficking. The second person to be charged under it was an independent adult sex worker who was charged with trafficking in the fourth degree: “aiding or facilitating” her own prostitution. Shortly after that CUSP advocates tried to help report a man to the police who was threatening Fairbanks sex workers with arrest if they did not pay him $1000, but police and an Assistant Attorney General could or would not give a victim who wanted to make a report immunity from being charged with trafficking herself.
Things that were defined as sex trafficking under the 2012 trafficking law included aiding or facilitating prostitution (including your own, and potentially including harm reduction workers who provide condoms) and having a place of prostitution, including your own prostitution. The first and fourth cases to be charged under the sex trafficking law were against sex workers who were accused of sharing space and information about clients, something that sex workers do to increase their safety. Sex workers who became victims of violent crime became even more reluctant to report it to the police when they had been sharing a hotel room or information with other sex workers, out of fear of being charged with trafficking each other.
A solution was proposed in House Bill 349 and then as an amendment that became Sections 37-40 of Senate Bill 91. When Governor Walker signed SB91 yesterday this section became law, but he immediately put removing sections 39-40 on the agenda for special session, citing concern from a religious group that these sections essentially decriminalized sex trafficking.
Here is the language that was added:
10 (c) A person does not institute, aid, or facilitate prostitution if the person
11 (1) engages in prostitution in violation of AS 11.66.100(a) in a location
12 even if that location is shared with another person; and
13 (2) has not induced or caused another person in that location to engage
14 in prostitution.
(Read the whole bill here: http://www.akleg.gov/basis/Bill/Text/29?Hsid=SB0091Z)
This was added to the third and fourth degrees of trafficking (aiding/facilitating and having a place of prostitution) but was not added to trafficking in the second degree (having a prostitution enterprise) or the first degree (forcing people into prostitution or involving minors).
Removing these sections would once again leave sex workers and sex trafficking victims unable to report violent crimes out of fear of being charged with trafficking themselves or each other.
Yesterday Governor Walker signed Senate Bill 91, which included a section providing situational immunity for who are making a good faith report that they were a victim or witness of a list of several crimes.
We expect this to increase reporting of crimes like robbery, assault, and sex trafficking and ultimately improve public safety. It is our hope that this will also lead to the resolution of one or some of the 11 currently unsolved murder, missing person, and suspicious death cases of sex workers in Anchorage.
Here is the specific wording of Section 36:
Sec. 36. AS 11.66.100 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
05 (e) A person may not be prosecuted under (a)(1) of this section if the
06 (1) person witnessed or was a victim of, and reported to law
07 enforcement in good faith, one or more of the following crimes:
08 (A) murder in the first degree under AS 11.41.100;
09 (B) murder in the second degree under AS 11.41.110;
10 (C) manslaughter under AS 11.41.120;
11 (D) criminally negligent homicide under AS 11.41.130;
12 (E) assault in the first degree under AS 11.41.200;
13 (F) assault in the second degree under AS 11.41.210;
14 (G) assault in the third degree under AS 11.41.220;
15 (H) assault in the fourth degree under AS 11.41.230;
16 (I) sexual assault in the first degree under AS 11.41.410;
17 (J) sexual assault in the second degree under AS 11.41.420;
18 (K) sexual assault in the third degree under AS 11.41.425;
19 (L) sexual assault in the fourth degree under AS 11.41.427;
20 (M) sexual abuse of a minor in the first degree under
21 AS 11.41.434;
22 (N) sexual abuse of a minor in the second degree under
23 AS 11.41.436;
24 (O) sexual abuse of a minor in the third degree under
25 AS 11.41.438;
26 (P) sexual abuse of a minor in the fourth degree under
27 AS 11.41.440;
28 (Q) robbery in the first degree under AS 11.41.500;
29 (R) robbery in the second degree under AS 11.41.510;
30 (S) extortion under AS 11.41.520;
31 (T) coercion under AS 11.41.530;
01 (U) distribution of child pornography under AS 11.61.125;
02 (V) possession of child pornography under AS 11.61.127;
03 (W) sex trafficking in the first degree under AS 11.66.110;
04 (X) sex trafficking in the second degree under AS 11.66.120;
05 (Y) sex trafficking in the third degree under AS 11.66.130; or
06 (Z) sex trafficking in the fourth degree under AS 11.66.135;
07 (2) evidence supporting the prosecution under (a)(1) of this section
08 was obtained or discovered as a result of the person reporting the crime to law
09 enforcement; and
10 (3) person cooperated with law enforcement personnel.
We need your help to get SB21 passed!
Senate Bill 21 would allow people in Alaska’s sex trades who are the victims or witnesses of crimes like murder, sex trafficking, or assault, to make reports to the police without being charged with prostitution. SB 21 is an important step towards enfranchising members of our community into Alaska’s promise of equal protection under the law for everybody and improving public safety by addressing violent criminals who start out by preying on our population.
Currently SB21 is still awaiting scheduling in the Senate Judiciary committee. You can email Senator.Lesil.McGuire@akleg.
You can also email all of the politicians who will be hearing about this bill soon – their email addresses are at the bottom for you to copy and paste easily. Tell them:
– It is not consistent with our Alaskan values to allow criminals to target our most vulnerable community members with impunity.
– Please add extortion, coercion, robbery, sexual assault of a minor, and possession or production of child pornography to the list of crimes that victims or witnesses could report without being charged with prostitution.
– Please vote yes on SB21!!!!
Send your emails to the bill sponsor, Senator Gardner, and to us so we can add them to our packet of support:
Also send your emails to members of the Senate and House judiciary committees:
The Community United for Safety and Protection opposes any budget cuts on the most vulnerable Alaskans. The state budget should not be on the backs of the drug addicted, the elderly, the disabled, and the down on out.
Instead, you should consider reallocating $578,239, the yearly budget for the Special Crimes Investigative Unit (a part of the Alaska Bureau of Investigations). Its “main purpose” is to “locate and rescue juvenile victims that are being forced to work as prostitutes in the commercial sexual exploitation of children.” However, in its 25 months of investigation, the SCIU has yet to investigate a case resulting in any charges of trafficking a minor. In fact, no one has been charged with trafficking a minor in Alaska since 2009 (people have been charged with making child pornography and with trying to pay for sex with fictitious minors – those are federal cases investigated by the FBI and Anchorage PD).
Instead of using the sex trafficking law to target the people they were intended to, the fund has been primarily used to charge marginalized adult women in the sex industry under AS 11.66.110-135 for sex trafficking themselves. In its first year, everyone charged with trafficking was an alleged prostitute who was charged with prostitution of themselves in the very same case they were charged with trafficking (“aiding or facilitating” their own prostitution or having a “place of prostitution”). At the end of 2014, four out of the seven total trafficking cases were against sex workers and none of them involved minors. The Department of Law has not yet responded to a January 15, 2016 records request for 2015 cases.
Although the SCIU is also tasked with investigating sex trafficking, SCIU officers have both refused to take reports from sex workers and have followed up on such reports in threatening and highly sexualized manners. We consider this type of response to crime victims of any age, especially minors, incredibly inappropriate and we hope you do too.
It is incumbent upon you as our representatives to scrutinize this budget item and be responsible to the health and welfare of the most vulnerable Alaskans are not sacrificed.
The State Troopers have two recent sex trafficking cases – notably neither were investigated by the Special Crimes Investigation Unit and in both cases Troopers were able to investigate without contacting the victims via the fraudulent pretext of a prostitution sting. We hope the Special Crimes Investigation Unit, tasked with rescuing sex trafficked children at a cost to Alaska of $578,239 per year, will take note and cease prostitution stings under the guise of rescuing victims (in the 25 months and over 1 million dollars of their existence, they have yet to charge anyone with trafficking a minor).
The first case happened in Wasilla: Troopers responded to a report of a suspicious vehicle and discovered that prostitution had allegedly occurred. They arrested the sex worker and charged her with prostitution. They arrested the customer and charged him with soliciting prostitution. They arrested the sex worker’s roommate, who she had given money to for the electric bill, and charged him with sex trafficking. The sex worker/victim’s name was included in all the charging documents and in news articles about the case. Like so many other Alaskans, she will most likely now face stigma and discrimination in housing and employment that will negatively impact her employment opportunities outside of the underground economy. (Charging documents here.)
The second case happened in Fairbanks: Fairbanks PD responded to a report of an overdue rental car. Upon discovering men, drugs, money, and cell phones, they called the Drug Enforcement Unit at the State Troopers. The officers became concerned about women who were known to be with the men and went to a hotel room where they found a woman who reported that she was being beaten and robbed by one of the men who took all of her earnings, gave her drugs, and was so violent that she was afraid to leave him. She was not charged with prostitution. In charging documents she was referred to by her initials (which we’ve redacted in the linked charging document to make her less recognizable) and newspapers didn’t name her either. (Charging documents here.)
While Alaska state law doesn’t distinguish between these two situation, Alaska State Troopers do: in one case the police arbitrarily decided that somebody was a victim and therefore deserving of having their privacy protected. In the other case the police arbitrarily decided that the sex trafficking victim was not deserving of having their privacy protected. Was it the age difference that led officers to protect the identity of and not charge the younger worker?
There’s arbitrary enforcement of laws and arbitrary treatment of people who are in the sex trade whether by choice, circumstance, or coercion. Everybody should have their privacy protected. Everybody should have their rights protected.
Arbitrary policy leads to corruption in enforcement. Arbitrary vice laws have been called seeds of police corruption.
We need clear policy to guide the state in respecting the rights of crime victims.
Time is running out for Alaskan sex workers and sex trafficking victims.
Alaska Senate Bill 21 needs a hearing and an affirmative vote NOW! Please call or email Alaska Senator Judiciary Chairwomen, Lesil McGuire today and ask her to schedule Senate Bill 21 for a Senate Judiciary hearing and hold a vote! SB 21 would allow anyone in Alaska’s sex trade, whether by choice, circumstance, or coercion, to make police reports about violent crimes without the fear of being charged with prostitution! Please don’t leave Alaskan sex trade workers and sex trafficking victims behind!
Please Schedule Senate Bill 21 for a Senate Judiciary hearing and hold a vote ASAP! SB 21 would allow anyone in Alaska’s sex trade, whether by choice, circumstance, or coercion, to make police reports about violent crimes without the fear of being charged with prostitution! Please don’t leave Alaskan sex trade workers and sex trafficking victims behind!
Text of Bill
00 SPONSOR SUBSTITUTE FOR SENATE BILL NO. 21
01 “An Act relating to immunity from prosecution for the crime of prostitution.”
02 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:
03 * Section 1. AS 11.66.100 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
04 (e) A person may not be prosecuted under (a)(1) of this section if the
05 (1) person witnessed or was a victim of, and reported to law
06 enforcement in good faith, one or more of the following crimes:
07 (A) murder in the first degree under AS 11.41.100;
08 (B) murder in the second degree under AS 11.41.110;
09 (C) manslaughter under AS 11.41.120;
10 (D) criminally negligent homicide under AS 11.41.130;
11 (E) assault in the first degree under AS 11.41.200;
12 (F) assault in the second degree under AS 11.41.210;
13 (G) assault in the third degree under AS 11.41.220;
14 (H) assault in the fourth degree under AS 11.41.230;
15 (I) sexual assault in the first degree under AS 11.41.410;
01 (J) sexual assault in the second degree under AS 11.41.420;
02 (K) sexual assault in the third degree under AS 11.41.425;
03 (L) sexual assault in the fourth degree under AS 11.41.427;
04 (M) sex trafficking in the first degree under AS 11.66.110;
05 (N) sex trafficking in the second degree under AS 11.66.120;
06 (O) sex trafficking in the third degree under AS 11.66.130; or
07 (P) sex trafficking in the fourth degree under AS 11.66.135;
08 (2) evidence supporting the prosecution under (a)(1) of this section
09 was obtained or discovered as a result of the person reporting the crime to law
10 enforcement; and
11 (3) person cooperated with law enforcement personnel.